Sleep apnea is a severe sleep disorder that interrupts breathing during sleep. It is caused due to a blockage in the airway that prevents the person from inhaling and exhaling air properly. Some of the common causes of sleep apnea are:
- Habitual snoring
- A receding or collapsed airway
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Large tonsils and adenoids
Types of Sleep Apnea
Sleep Apnea is categorized into two types: Central Sleep Apnea and Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
- Central Sleep Apnea (CSA)
CSA occurs when the brain fails to send signals to the muscles controlling breathing. This leads to a sudden stoppage in breathing, which can be very dangerous, as it can lead to an abrupt drop in the oxygen level in the blood. The patient will wake up with a jolt and start breathing again.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
The obstruction in OSA occurs due to the blockage of the airway when a person is asleep. The brain fails to receive oxygen for a few seconds, which will result in the patient waking up with a jolt. The condition worsens if not treated at the earliest, as it can lead to severe health issues such as heart diseases and diabetes.
Symptoms of sleep apnea
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA):An occasional loud snore, interrupted sleep, feeling tired even after getting enough sleep, frequent headaches, and dizziness are some of the symptoms of OSA.
- Central Sleep Apnea (CSA):The patient may not have any symptoms of CSA, but it can be diagnosed by checking the patient's medical history and conducting a physical examination.
How can sleep apnea be treated?
Sleep apnea can be treated with simple lifestyle changes such as:
- Losing weight.
- Reducing alcohol consumption.
- Quitting smoking.
- Changing sleeping positions, such as sleeping on your side or stomach instead of on your back.
- Using CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure), which is a device that supplies positive air pressure through a mask worn on your face during sleep, thereby keeping your airway open.
- Using dental appliances such as a mandibular advancement device or MAD that keep your jaw from dropping during sleep and allows easier breathing.
- Reducing stress by practicing meditation or yoga.
We will screen you and detect if you have sleep apnea. If your condition requires it, we will recommend you see a specailist to discuss your best treatmentoptions for Apnea. You may schedule an appointment by calling us or reaching out to us through an online query. We're always happy to help.
Wish to schedule an appointment with us? Call us at (405) 302-0100 or visit our office at 2408 NW 178th St, Edmond, OK 73012.